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Black Oak

TREES

GENUS/SPECIES


Quercus velutina

FAMILY


Fagaceae

SYNONYMS


Information not available

DISTRIBUTION


Eastern US

  • E Texas northward to central Iowa and S Wisconsin
  • S Wisconsin eastward to S Maine
  • S Maine southward to coastal South Carolina and W Florida
  • W Florida westward to E Texas

Comments

Black oak is an eastern species typically found in rather dry soils such as those on sunny hillsides and ridges. The leaves have pointed lobes and are typically “fuzzy” underneath, especially early in the season, but this becomes reduced to the areas around the veins. The acorns, which mature in two seasons, are medium-sized (about ¾ inch long) with a cap covering almost half the nut. As is true of all the oaks, the flowers bloom in the spring, with the male flowers forming on catkins, producing abundant wind-dispersed pollen, and the rather inconspicuous female flowers located at the bases of the leaves. The bark on mature trees is broken into small, dark plates.