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River Birch



Betula nigra




Common: Red Birch


Southeastern US

  • E Texas northward to Missouri
  • Missouri eastward to Maryland
  • Maryland southward to N Florida
  • N Florida westward to E Texas
  • Northward along Upper Mississippi Valley to SE Minnesota
  • Northward along Atlantic Coast to SE New York and S New Hampshire
  • Mostly absent from Appalachian Mountain systems and Lower Mississippi Valley

Human Product Number - 79

Veterinary Product Number - 79


This is the only birch native to lowland areas of the southeastern US, and it is typically found in wet areas such as floodplains of rivers and streams. It is a medium-sized tree often cultivated as an ornamental because of its shaggy, brownish, papery bark that peels in layers. The male catkins, which soon release their wind-blown pollen, can be seen hanging in the early spring just as the leaves are beginning to develop while the female “cones” develop later, then disintegrate to release their seeds.